CGPH FACULTY: Lia Fernald
DATE OF PUBLICATION: August 2015
REGION: Lain America, Asia, Africa
REFERENCE: Humphries DL, Dearden KA, Crookston BT, Fernald LC, Stein AD, Woldehanna T, Penny ME, Behrman JR; Young Lives Determinants and Consequences of Child Growth Project Team. Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Household Food Security and Child Anthropometry at Ages 5 and 8 Years in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam. J Nutr. 2015 Aug;145(8):1924-33. doi: 10.3945/jn.115.210229. Epub 2015 Jun 17.
SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: We assessed concurrent and subsequent associations between food insecurity and height-for-age z scores (HAZs) and body mass index-for-age z scores (BMI-Zs); evaluated associations with transitory and chronic food insecurity; and tested whether dietary diversity mediates associations between food insecurity and nutritional status.Poor childhood nutritional status has lifetime effects and food insecurity is associated with dietary practices that can impair nutritional status. In 4 countries, food insecurity at 5 y of age was associated with both HAZ and BMI-Z at age 8 y, although the association was attenuated after adjusting for other household factors and anthropometry at age 5 y, and remained significant only for the HAZ in Vietnam.
ACCESS: Link to Pubmed