UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Sandra McCoy DATE OF PUBLICATION: October 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Fahey CA, Njau PF, Dow WH, Kapologwe N, McCoy SI. AIDS. 2018. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000002056. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Food insecurity (FI) impedes antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. We previously demonstrated that short-term cash and food incentives increased ART possession and retention in HIV services in Tanzania. To elucidate
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Ndola Prata DATE OF PUBLICATION: October 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Hobday K, Hulme J, Homer C, Zualo Wate P, Belton S, Prata N. 2018. doi: 10.1186/s12978-018-0622-4. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Post-partum haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal deaths in Mozambique. In 2015, the Mozambican Ministry of Health launched the National Strategy for the Prevention of Post-Partum Haemorrhage
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Jennifer Ahern DATE OF PUBLICATION: October 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Lippman SA, Leddy AM, Neilands TB, Ahern J, MacPhail C, Wagner RG, Peacock D, Twine R, Goin DE, Gómez-Olivé FX, Selin A, Tollman SM, Kahn K, Pettifor A. 2018. doi: 10.1002/jia2.25182. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in South Africa bear a disproportionate burden
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Sarah Jane Holcombe DATE OF PUBLICATION: August 2017 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Burrowes S, Holcombe SJ, Jara D, Carter D, Smith K. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017 Aug. DOI: 10.1186/s12884-017-1442-1. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT:  It is increasingly recognized that disrespect and abuse of women during labor and delivery is a violation of a woman’s rights and a
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: John Marshall, Wu SL DATE OF PUBLICATION: May 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Marshall JM, Wu SL, Sanchez C HM, Kiware SS, Mdhlovu M, Ouédraogo AL, Touré MB, Sturrock HJ, Ghani AC, Ferguson NM doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-26023-1. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: As Africa-wide malaria prevalence declines, an understanding of human movement patterns is essential to inform how best to
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Richard A. Gosselin DATE OF PUBLICATION: September 2016 REGION: Sierra Leone and Nepal REFERENCE: Stewart B, Kushner A, Kamara T et al. Backlog and burden of fractures in Sierra Leone and Nepal: Results from nationwide cluster randomized, population-based surveys. International Journal of Surgery. 2016;33:49-54. doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.07.009. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: The burden of injury is increasing worldwide; planning for
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: John M. Colford DATE OF PUBLICATION: September 2016 REGION: Kenya, Africa REFERENCE: Pickering A, Arnold B, Dentz H, Colford J, Null C. Climate and Health Co-Benefits in Low-Income Countries: A Case Study of Carbon Financed Water Filters in Kenya and a Call for Independent Monitoring. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2016. doi:10.1289/ehp342. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: The recent global climate agreement in Paris aims
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Peter W. Hunt, Jeffrey N. Martin DATE OF PUBLICATION: September 2016 REGION: Uganda, Africa REFERENCE: Bebell L, Siedner M, Musinguzi N et al. Trends in one-year cumulative incidence of death between 2005 and 2013 among patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in Uganda. International Journal of STD & AIDS. 2016. doi:10.1177/0956462416671431. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Recent ecological data demonstrate improving outcomes
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Zachary Wagner, William H. Dow DATE OF PUBLICATION: August 2016 REGION: Tanzania, Africa REFERENCE: Wagner Z, Gong E, de Walque D, Dow W. The Impact of Positive Income Shocks on Risky Sexual Behavior: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania. AIDS and Behavior. 2016. doi:10.1007/s10461-016-1524-5. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: In this paper, we exploit a lottery in Tanzania, which randomly assigned eligible participants
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: John M. Marshall UCSF AUTHOR: Adam Bennett DATE OF PUBLICATION: August 2016 REGION: Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia REFERENCE: Marshall J, Bennett A, Kiware S, Sturrock H. The Hitchhiking Parasite: Why Human Movement Matters to Malaria Transmission and What We Can Do About It. Trends in Parasitology. 2016;32(10):752-755. doi:10.1016/j.pt.2016.07.004. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: The failure of the Global Malaria Eradication Program (GMEP) during
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Stephen Rauch DATE OF PUBLICATION: July 2016 REGION: South Africa REFERENCE: Bornman MS, Chevrier J, Rauch S, et al. Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane exposure and anogenital distance in the Venda Health Examination of Mothers, Babies and their Environment (VHEMBE) birth cohort study, South Africa. Andrology. 2016;4(4):608-15. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is used for malaria control by 10 countries, nine of
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Alexandra M. Minnis UCSF AUTHOR: Ariane van der Straten DATE OF PUBLICATION: July 2016 REGION: sub-Saharan Africa REFERENCE: Minnis AM, Van der straten A, Salee P, Hendrix CW. Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Adherence Measured by Plasma Drug Level in MTN-001: Comparison Between Vaginal Gel and Oral Tablets in Two Geographic Regions. AIDS Behav. 2016;20(7):1541-8. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Despite strong